Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Gökhan GÖKÇE – Beyin, Sinir ve Omurga Cerrahisi Uzmanı

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Spinal traumas are serious health problems that can occur as a result of car accidents, falls, sports injuries and other traumatic events. Here is more information about spinal trauma:

The main causes of spinal trauma can be:1. Motor vehicle accidents:Collisions during road traffic accidents can lead to spinal injuries.
2. Falling from a height: A fall from a high place can cause spinal fractures.3. Sports injuries:Spinal injuries can be common, especially in contact sports or high-risk sports.
4. Firearm injuries: Injuries caused by firearms can lead to spinal trauma.5. Osteoporotic bone fractures:Conditions such as osteoporosis can cause spinal fractures even without trauma.

Symptoms of spinal trauma can vary from person to person, but can often include
– Sudden onset of neck, lower back or back pain.- Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs.
– Loss of control over urination and defecation.
– Symptoms of paralysis, depending on the severity of the spinal injury.

The methods used in the diagnosis of spinal trauma can be as follows:
– X-rays: It is used to show fractures and alignment of the spine bones.
– Computed Tomography (CT): Provides a more detailed image of spinal fractures.
– Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Provides detailed information about the condition of the spinal cord, nerve tissue and other soft tissues.

Treatment Decision:
The treatment of spinal trauma depends on the patient’s complaints, type and location of the fracture. Here are the treatment options:
– Non-Surgical Treatment: Some spinal fractures do not require surgical intervention. Bed rest, protective corset use, painkillers and physiotherapy may be included in this treatment option.
– Surgical Treatment: Surgical intervention may be required in the treatment of spinal cord injury or fractures that compress the spinal canal. Surgery aims to relieve the spinal cord and nerve roots. Vertebral fractures are corrected and fixed, and grafts may be used.

The method of treatment depends on the patient’s condition and the severity of the fracture. Spinal trauma can be a serious health problem and should be evaluated by a specialist doctor.

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