Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Gökhan GÖKÇE – Beyin, Sinir ve Omurga Cerrahisi Uzmanı

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Spinal cord injuries and spinal cord paralysis can be really serious and life-threatening conditions. Important points to be considered in this regard may be as follows:

Spinal cord injuries and paralyses are caused by various traumatic events. These include traffic accidents, falls from height, sports injuries, trauma during activities such as jumping into the sea.In addition, violent events such as gunshot wounds can also lead to spinal cord injuries.

Symptoms:Paralysis as a result of a spinal cord injury leads to obvious symptoms in the patient.These may include the following:- Sudden onset of neck, back or lower back pain.
– Weakness or complete paralysis of the arms or legs.- Loss of control over urination and defecation.
– Numbness or loss of sensation.

Treatment Options:Treatment of spinal cord injuries is complex and may differ for each patient. Here are some of the treatment options:

1. Emergency Intervention: It is very important to provide emergency intervention and life support in a patient with a spinal cord injury. The patient’s breathing and circulation should be supported.

2. Surgical Intervention: Surgical intervention may be required depending on the severity of the spinal cord injury. It can be performed especially to remove bone fragments compressing the spinal cord and to reduce spinal cord compression.

3. Rehabilitation: Patients with spinal cord paralysis should be included in rehabilitation programmes. These programmes are important for regaining muscle strength, improving physical functions and helping the patient learn daily living skills.

4. Stem Cell Therapy: Stem cell therapy can be applied to some patients. The aim is to place stem cells in the damaged areas of the spinal cord and to regenerate tissues. Research in this field is ongoing.

Spinal cord paralysis can be a difficult condition to reverse, but with treatment and rehabilitation, patients’ quality of life can be improved and their independence can be increased.

Preventive Measures:
The following measures can be taken to prevent spinal cord injuries:
– Seat belts should be used to prevent traffic accidents and traffic rules should be followed.
– Avoid falls from heights and stay in safe working or recreational areas.
– Appropriate protective equipment should be used when doing sports and safety should be prioritised.
– Water depth and safety should be checked before jumping into the sea or pool.

The best way to prevent spinal cord injuries is to think about such risky situations in advance and take preventive measures, i.e. to follow the “Protect Yourself First” principle. The consequences of such injuries can be very serious, so they require attention and care.

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