Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Gökhan GÖKÇE – Beyin, Sinir ve Omurga Cerrahisi Uzmanı

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Hydrocephalus is a condition in which cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the brain ventricles. This accumulation can cause pressure and enlargement within the brain, which leads to various symptoms. Treatment of hydrocephalus usually varies depending on the causes of obstruction or impaired fluid circulation and may include the following treatment options:

1. Shunt Placement: This is the most commonly used method for treating hydrocephalus. A thin tube (catheter) called a shunt is inserted into the brain ventricles, and the end of this tube is usually directed into the abdominal cavity or another body part. The shunt removes excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain and transports it to another part of the body. In this way, fluid build-up is prevented and pressure is reduced.

2. Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy: In this procedure, an endoscope is used to directly reach the brain ventricles. A new pathway is created between the endoscope and the ventricles, allowing the fluid to flow. This method is used in cases where the cause of the blockage is blockage of the channels between the ventricles.

The treatment option may vary depending on the patient’s condition, age and the cause of hydrocephalus. The aim of treatment is to restore the normal circulation of fluid within the brain and reduce symptoms.

After treatment, patients are followed up regularly and the function of the shunt or the effectiveness of the endoscopic third ventriculostomy is assessed. Complications such as shunt infections are also monitored and treated if necessary.

Hydrocephalus can be managed with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Untreated hydrocephalus can lead to neurological damage or serious complications, so it is important to contact a health professional when symptoms of this condition are recognised. As each patient’s condition is different, treatment options are assessed on an individual basis.

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