Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Gökhan GÖKÇE – Beyin, Sinir ve Omurga Cerrahisi Uzmanı

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The treatment of brain tumours is determined according to the type, size, location and general health status of the patient.Here are details about current treatment methods:1. Surgical Treatment:The first treatment option for most brain tumours is surgical intervention. Small-sized tumours, especially in brain regions that are not very sensitive, can be completely removed by surgery.However, in some cases, it may not be possible to remove the entire tumour due to its size or location.In this case, part of the tumour can be removed surgically and this may help to reduce the symptoms. Surgical intervention carries risks such as infection and bleeding and can sometimes damage normal brain tissue.

2. Technological Innovations:Technological innovations used during surgical intervention can increase the success of surgery. Ultrasound is used to determine the location and boundaries of the tumour during surgery.Neuromonitoring records stimuli from the brain to preserve important functions during surgery. Neuronavigation helps to perform the surgery accurately with 3D imaging.Intraoperative fluorescence is used to better identify tumour tissue during surgery.

3. Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery: Radiotherapy aims to kill tumour cells using high-energy beams.Radiation therapy can come from a machine outside the body or, rarely, from a radiation source placed inside the body. With devices developed in recent years, radiotherapy can be focused on the site of the tumour, causing minimal damage to surrounding normal tissues.Radiosurgery, on the other hand, aims to target and kill tumour cells in a very small area. Each individual radiation beam does not cause damage individually, but creates a high dose of radiation at the point where they combine. The side effects of these treatments depend on the type and dose of radiation applied.4. Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy is the use of special drugs to kill tumour cells.Chemotherapy drugs can be taken orally as pills or given intravenously.Chemotherapy can be used to treat some brain tumours. However, side effects of chemotherapy may include nausea, vomiting, hair loss and may affect the patient’s general health.

Treatment options are personalised according to the individual patient’s condition.The treatment plan is determined by a multidisciplinary approach and may include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these methods.The aim of treatment is to control the tumour, reduce symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life.Treatment of brain tumours can be a long-term process and the patient may need regular follow-up and monitoring.

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