Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Gökhan GÖKÇE – Beyin, Sinir ve Omurga Cerrahisi Uzmanı

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Congenital scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that results from congenital anomalies in the development of the spine and is caused by defects in the formation and segmentation of the spine.This type of scoliosis occurs in the first 6 weeks of pregnancy due to defects in the basic stages of spinal development.Here is more information about congenital scoliosis:- Definition Congenital scoliosis refers to curvatures of the spine caused by congenital anomalies. These anomalies cause imbalances in the development of the vertebral bones and lead to deformities of the spine.

– Symptoms Symptoms of congenital scoliosis are usually recognised in childhood.Symptoms may include a curvature of the spine, a pronounced hump in the back, different heights of the shoulders and physical limitations. In addition, the condition can sometimes cause pain.

– Causes Congenital scoliosis occurs when the vertebral bones do not take their normal shape during the development of the foetus in the womb. This can be due to various causes, such as genetic factors, environmental factors that the mother is exposed to during pregnancy or radiation exposure.

– Natural history The course of congenital scoliosis depends on the type and severity of the abnormalities in the spine. This type of scoliosis usually becomes apparent early in life and has the potential to progress.

– Treatment Treatment of congenital scoliosis can vary depending on the age of the patient, the degree of curvature and the type of anomalies in the spine.Treatment options include conservative (non-surgical) treatment and surgical treatment. In cases where surgical intervention may be required, surgical procedures are performed to straighten and stabilise the spine.

As congenital scoliosis is a congenital condition, early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important for the growth and development of the child.The treatment plan should be tailored to the individual needs of the patient and the type of curvature.

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